Rio de Janeiro

Brazil Travel Guide: From Rio de Janeiro to the Amazon

As the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world, Brazil is a melting pot of cultures, with a rich history and diverse geography. From bustling cities to serene beaches and lush rainforests, Brazil has something for every kind of traveller. In this comprehensive guide, you’ll discover the top attractions, cultural experiences, must-visit cities, natural wonders and safety tips to help you plan an unforgettable trip to this South American gem.

Top attractions and landmarks in Brazil

The Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro
The Christ the Redeemer statue

Brazil is home to some of the most iconic landmarks and attractions in the world. The Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro is one such must-visit attraction. This 30-metre tall statue of Jesus Christ stands atop the Corcovado Mountain, offering stunning views of the city.

Another famous landmark is the Sugarloaf Mountain, which is accessible by cable car and provides panoramic views of Rio de Janeiro. Other top attractions include the historic city of Salvador, the colourful streets of Olinda, and the futuristic capital city of Brasília.

Exploring Brazil’s natural wonders- Iguazu Falls, mountains and national parks

Iguazu Falls in Brazil
Iguazu Falls

Brazil’s natural beauty is truly breathtaking. The Iguazu Falls, located on the border of Brazil and Argentina, is one of the most impressive waterfalls in the world. It’s made up of 275 individual falls and spans 2.7 kilometres across the Iguazu River.

The Amazon rainforest, which covers over 60% of Brazil, is home to an incredible array of wildlife and unique species. Other natural wonders include the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, the Serra dos Órgãos National Park, the Chapada Diamantina National Park, and the Serra da Canastra National Park.

Festivals and cultural experiences in Brazil- Samba and Football

Carnival in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
Carnival in Rio de Janeiro

Brazil is a country that loves to celebrate. From the world-famous Carnival in Rio de Janeiro to the Festa Junina in São Paulo, there’s always a festival happening in Brazil.

One of the most iconic cultural experiences in Brazil is samba music and dance. The streets of Rio de Janeiro come alive during Carnival with samba parades and parties.

Football is also a huge part of Brazilian culture, with the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro being one of the most famous football stadiums in the world.

Must-visit cities in Brazil- Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Recife and more

São Paulo, Brazil
São Paulo

Brazil is home to some of the most vibrant and exciting cities in the world. Rio de Janeiro is known for its stunning beaches, lively nightlife, and iconic landmarks, while São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil and is a hub for business and culture.

Recife, on the northeast coast of Brazil, is a historic city with colourful streets and a vibrant arts scene. Other must-visit cities include the capital Brasília, as well as Manaus, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Salvador and Florianópolis.

Brazil’s stunning beaches and beach towns

Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro

Brazil is home to over 7,000 kilometres of coastline, with some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most famous, with its golden sand and crystal-clear water.

Other stunning beaches include Praia do Forte in Bahia, Praia Vermelha in Ilha Grande, and Praia do Rosa in Santa Catarina. Beach towns such as Búzios, Paraty, and Trancoso offer a more laid-back vibe, with charming streets and picturesque views.

Wildlife and nature in Brazil- the Amazon rainforest and unique species

Pantanal, Brazil
The Pantanal

Brazil is home to an incredible array of wildlife and unique species. The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest in the world and is home to thousands of species of plants and animals, including jaguars, sloths, and toucans.

The Pantanal, located in the west of Brazil, is the largest wetland in the world and is home to an abundance of birdlife, mammals, and reptiles. Other unique species found in Brazil include the pink river dolphin, the maned wolf, and the capybara.

Brazilian cuisine- Street food and local dishes to try

pão de queijo
Pão de queijo

Brazilian cuisine is a fusion of African, European, and indigenous influences. Some of the most popular dishes include feijoada, a hearty stew made with black beans and meat, churrasco, a type of barbecue, and pão de queijo, a small baked cheesy bread roll (pictured above).

Street food such as coxinha, a deep-fried dough filled with chicken, and pastel, a deep-fried pastry filled with cheese and meat, are also popular.

As far as beverages go, Brazilian coffee is world-renowned, and the country is also famous for its caipirinha cocktail, made with cachaça, sugar, and lime.

Planning your trip to Brazil- Vaccines, health tips and itineraries

When planning a trip to Brazil, it’s important to keep in mind any health concerns and necessary vaccines. Yellow fever is a risk in certain areas of Brazil, so it’s recommended to get vaccinated before travelling. It’s also important to take precautions against mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever and the Zika virus. Check that the water is safe to drink wherever you are, and make sure you have travel insurance, just in case.

Itineraries can vary depending on your interests, but some popular routes include Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and São Paulo. You can book extended trips around Brazil and the wider region with tour providers like G Adventures and tourhub. Alternatively, Get Your Guide and Viator offer day trips and activities in popular locations around the country.

Safety and practical tips for travelling in Brazil

While Brazil is a beautiful country with a lot to offer, it’s important to be aware of safety concerns when travelling. It’s recommended to avoid walking alone at night and to keep your valuables safe. It’s also important to be aware of common scams and to only use licensed taxis. In some areas, taking a guided tour rather than exploring on your own is also recommended .

Remember that unlike the rest of South America which uses Spanish, the official language of Brazil is Portuguese. The currency is the Brazilian Real, so you should make sure you keep a small amount of cash for emergencies. It’s also a good idea to have a bankcard with a provider that won’t charge you extra to spend and withdraw in the local currency.

If you require emergency assistance in Brazil, dial 911 to contact emergency services.


Brazil is a country that truly has it all- from vibrant cities to stunning natural wonders, there is something for everyone. Whether you’re looking to experience the culture, relax on the beach, or explore the rainforest, Brazil will leave you in awe. With careful planning and awareness of safety concerns, a trip to Brazil can be an unforgettable experience.

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