Exploring Iceland: The Ultimate Guide to the Best Activities and Attractions

Iceland, a Nordic island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean, is a land of breathtaking natural wonders and unparalleled beauty. With its stunning landscapes, unique geological features, and vibrant culture, Iceland offers a truly unforgettable experience for every traveller. From majestic waterfalls to geothermal hot springs, and from awe-inspiring glaciers to the mesmerising Northern Lights, there is no shortage of things to see and do in this enchanting country.

Must-See Tourist Attractions in Iceland

Blue Lagoon, Iceland
Blue Lagoon

Iceland is home to numerous must-see tourist attractions that showcase the country’s natural beauty and cultural heritage. One of the most iconic landmarks is the mighty Gullfoss waterfall, known as the “Golden Falls.” With its powerful cascades plunging into a rugged canyon, Gullfoss is a sight to behold. Another popular attraction is the geothermal area of Geysir, where you can witness the erupting Strokkur geyser shooting boiling water high into the air.

For those seeking unique experiences, a visit to the Blue Lagoon is a must. This geothermal spa offers visitors the chance to relax in its warm, mineral-rich waters amidst a stunning volcanic landscape. Additionally, the historic Þingvellir National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a significant location where the ancient Icelandic parliament, Alþingi, was founded.

Exploring Iceland’s Natural Beauty: Waterfalls, Geysers, and Glaciers

Seljalandsfoss Waterfall, Iceland
Seljalandsfoss Waterfall

Iceland is renowned for its natural beauty, and exploring its waterfalls, geysers, and glaciers is an absolute treat for nature enthusiasts. Seljalandsfoss, a mesmerizing waterfall located along the south coast, allows you to walk behind its cascading curtain of water for a truly immersive experience. Another remarkable waterfall is Skógafoss, which boasts a powerful freefall drop and is surrounded by stunning hiking trails.

Visiting the Jökulsárlón Glacier Lagoon is a must-do for any traveller to Iceland. This breathtaking glacial lake is filled with floating icebergs and offers the opportunity to take a boat tour or witness the stunning sight of icebergs floating out to sea. Furthermore, the Vatnajökull Glacier, the largest glacier in Europe, is a sight to behold and provides the backdrop for a range of thrilling activities, including ice caving and glacier hiking.

Unique Experiences: Ice Caves, Hot Springs, and the Northern Lights

Ice cave, Gígjökull, Iceland
Ice cave in Gígjökull

Iceland offers a multitude of unique experiences that are sure to leave a lasting impression. One such experience is exploring the mesmerising ice caves that form within Iceland’s glaciers during the winter months. These translucent ice formations create an otherworldly atmosphere, and guided tours allow visitors to venture deep into the heart of these natural wonders.

Another must-do activity is immersing yourself in the rejuvenating hot springs that dot the Icelandic landscape. The aforementioned Blue Lagoon is undoubtedly the most famous, but there are also numerous other geothermal pools and hot springs throughout the country. Relaxing in these naturally heated waters is not only a delight for the senses but also a chance to connect with Iceland’s geothermal energy.

No trip to Iceland would be complete without experiencing the enchanting Northern Lights, also known as the Aurora Borealis. These mesmerising light displays, caused by solar particles colliding with the Earth’s atmosphere, are best seen during the winter months in areas with minimal light pollution. Many tour operators offer Northern Lights tours, taking you to prime viewing locations and increasing your chances of witnessing this awe-inspiring spectacle.

Outdoor Adventures: Hiking, Glacier Tours, and Whale Watching

Snæfellsjökull National Park, Iceland
Snæfellsjökull National Park

Iceland is a paradise for adventure seekers, with the country’s diverse landscapes providing endless opportunities for outdoor activities. Hiking enthusiasts in particular will be delighted by the numerous trails that wind through Iceland’s breathtaking terrain; from the challenging Laugavegur Trek to the more accessible paths in Snæfellsjökull National Park, there is a hiking trail for every skill level.

Glacier tours are another thrilling adventure that allow you to explore Iceland’s icy wonders up close. Guided tours provide an opportunity to walk on glaciers, witness ice formations, and learn about the unique features of these frozen giants. For the more adventurous, ice climbing and ice cave exploration are also available. Check out Get Your Guide’s glacier tours, amongst them Vatnajökull and Sólheimajökull, with knowledgeable guides and equipment included.

Whale watching is another popular activity in Iceland, offering the chance to encounter these majestic creatures in their natural habitat. The coastal town of Húsavík is often referred to as the “Whale Watching Capital of Europe” and is an excellent starting point for a whale-watching excursion. Keep your eyes peeled for humpback whales, orcas, and minke whales as they breach the surface of the ocean. Get Your Guide offers a number of whale watching tours from multiple locations in Iceland, in addition to combination tours that include the Northern Lights.

Discovering Icelandic Culture: Museums, Art, and Architecture

Harpa Concert Hall, Reykjavik, Iceland
Harpa Concert Hall in Reykjavik

Iceland’s rich cultural heritage is just as captivating as its natural wonders. The capital city of Reykjavik is home to a vibrant arts scene, with numerous galleries showcasing contemporary and traditional Icelandic art. The iconic Harpa Concert Hall and Conference Center is a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts, with its striking glass facade reflecting the surrounding landscape.

To delve deeper into Icelandic history and culture, a visit to the National Museum of Iceland is highly recommended. This museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, including Viking-age treasures and exhibits on the country’s settlement and development. For literature enthusiasts, the Reykjavik City Library is a treasure trove of Icelandic literature and a hub for literary events.

Hidden Gems: Off-the-Beaten-Path Locations in Iceland


While Iceland boasts many well-known attractions, there are also numerous hidden gems that offer a more intimate and off-the-beaten-path experience. The remote Westfjords region, with its dramatic fjords and untouched landscapes, is a haven for nature lovers seeking tranquility. The Látrabjarg cliffs, Europe’s westernmost point, are home to thousands of nesting seabirds, including puffins.

The Snæfellsnes Peninsula, often referred to as “Iceland in Miniature,” showcases a diverse range of landscapes, from rugged coastlines to volcanic peaks. The iconic Kirkjufell mountain, with its distinctive shape, is a photographer’s dream, while the nearby Snæfellsjökull National Park, centred around a magnificent glacier-capped volcano, offers numerous hiking trails and opportunities to explore lava fields.

Planning Your Iceland Itinerary: Tips and Recommendations

Driving in Iceland
Driving in Iceland

When planning your Iceland itinerary, there are a few tips and recommendations to keep in mind. Firstly, it’s essential to have a flexible schedule, as weather conditions can be unpredictable, particularly during the winter months. Additionally, renting a car provides the freedom to explore at your own pace and venture off the main tourist routes (Discover Cars and Qeeq are both reliable options).

Consider allocating ample time for each destination, as there is so much to see and do in Iceland. Prioritise your must-see attractions but also leave room for spontaneous discoveries along the way- Tiqets is great for last-minute bookings. Finally, don’t forget to pack appropriate clothing for the Icelandic weather, including warm layers, waterproof outerwear, and sturdy hiking boots.

Best Time to Visit Iceland: Seasonal Highlights and Considerations

Midnight sun behind a mountain, Iceland
Midnight sun behind a mountain in Iceland

Iceland offers unique experiences throughout the year, with each season showcasing its own highlights. The summer months, from June to August, provide long daylight hours and milder temperatures, making it an excellent time for hiking, camping, and exploring Iceland’s diverse landscapes. The midnight sun phenomenon, where the sun remains visible throughout the night, is a truly unforgettable experience during this time.

Winter, from November to February, offers the chance to witness Iceland’s most iconic natural phenomenon – the Northern Lights. The dark nights and lower temperatures create optimal conditions for this dazzling light display. Winter is also the ideal time for ice cave exploration and enjoying the country’s geothermal hot springs.

Spring and autumn offer a balance between the two extremes, with fewer tourists and the potential for beautiful autumn foliage or the first signs of spring blooms. Consider your preferred activities and weather conditions when deciding on the best time to visit Iceland.

Transportation and Accommodation in Iceland

ION Adventure Hotel, Iceland
ION Adventure Hotel

Getting around Iceland is relatively straightforward, with a well-developed road network and various transportation options. Renting a car allows for flexibility and the ability to explore remote areas. Alternatively, Iceland has an extensive bus network that connects major towns and tourist attractions. Domestic flights are also available for those looking to cover larger distances quickly.

Accommodation options in Iceland cater to a range of preferences and budgets. From luxury hotels and boutique guesthouses to cosy cabins and campsites, there are options to suit all budgets and preferences. It’s advisable to book accommodation in advance, particularly during the peak travel seasons, to secure your preferred options.

Booking has a range of popular options (including the ION Adventure Hotel pictured above) and includes images and guest reviews. Hostelworld meanwhile is great for travellers who are looking for ways to stretch their money further.

Safety Tips and Precautions for Travelling in Iceland


While Iceland is generally a safe country for travellers, it’s essential to be aware of potential hazards and take necessary precautions. Weather conditions can change rapidly, particularly in remote areas, so it’s crucial to check weather forecasts and road conditions before embarking on any outdoor activities. Always inform someone of your travel plans and carry appropriate safety equipment when venturing into the wilderness.

Respecting the fragile nature of Iceland’s environment is vital. Stick to marked paths and trails to minimise damage to delicate flora and fauna. Additionally, be cautious when approaching wildlife, such as nesting birds or seals, to avoid causing unnecessary stress or disturbance.

If you require emergency assistance in Iceland, dial 112 to contact emergency services.

Conclusion: Iceland – A Journey of Discovery

Iceland is a land of wonder and adventure, offering a multitude of activities and attractions for every traveller. From awe-inspiring natural wonders to unique cultural experiences, Iceland is a destination that will leave you in awe. Whether you’re captivated by the beauty of its waterfalls and glaciers, seeking thrills in its outdoor adventures, or immersing yourself in its rich cultural heritage, Iceland promises an unforgettable journey of discovery. So pack your bags, embrace the spirit of adventure, and prepare to be enchanted by the wonders of Iceland.

CTA: Plan your Icelandic adventure today and embark on a journey of a lifetime! Use Booking.com to book your trip to Iceland now and discover the magic of this extraordinary country.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top